japanese kanji for grass

What Is The Japanese Kanji For Grass? 

05 June 2024Shopify API

The Japanese kanji for grass is 草. Read on find out about its etymology, components, and cultural symbolism below!

The Japanese writing system is a complex amalgamation of characters, each holding layers of meaning and cultural significance. 

Among these characters, or kanji, is the one representing "grass" - a seemingly simple element of nature that has managed to weave its way into the fabric of Japanese culture and language. 

The kanji for grass, 草 (kusa), encapsulates more than just a botanical entity; it reflects Japan's reverence for nature, its aesthetic sensibilities, and its philosophical viewpoints.

Japanese Kanji For Grass Is 草

The kanji 草 is composed of three distinct components that come together to depict the concept of grass.

Each component contributes to the overall meaning and visual representation of the character.

  • 草 (Kusa)

This is the main component of the kanji and represents the central idea of grass. It consists of three horizontal strokes that resemble blades of grass.

These strokes are arranged in a way that mimics the appearance of grass growing in nature.

The first stroke represents the tallest blade, while the subsequent strokes gradually decrease in height, symbolizing the natural variation in the growth of grass.

  • 艹 (Nekoyoukan)

This component is known as "nekoyoukan" or "kusa-hen" and is a radical often used to indicate plants or vegetation in kanji characters. 

It takes the form of a simplified radical version of grass, where the three strokes are compressed into two.

In the kanji 草, this radical is used as a semantic indicator, giving a clue about the character's meaning.

  • 早 (Hayai)

This component is called "hayai" and provides the phonetic sound for the kanji 草. Phonetically, it is used to indicate the pronunciation "sa" in 草. 

It's important to note that in this particular kanji, the phonetic component does not directly relate to the meaning of grass. Instead, it is used for its sound value.

Meaning and Composition:

The combination of these three components in the kanji 草 effectively conveys the visual representation of grass, as well as its pronunciation. 

The "nekoyoukan" radical anchors the character's meaning in the realm of vegetation, while the strokes in 艹 beautifully encapsulate the concept of grass blades.

The "hayai" phonetic component is responsible for the sound of the character, linking it to its pronunciation.

Symbolism and Cultural Connotation:

The composition of the kanji 草 itself holds symbolic value. The deliberate arrangement of strokes within the character reflects the growth pattern of grass, emphasizing the aesthetic appreciation for nature and its cycles. 

Additionally, the simplicity and elegance of the character's design echo broader Japanese artistic principles that celebrate minimalism and harmony.

The Visual Representation Of 草

The kanji 草 is a prime example of how Japanese calligraphy and design often prioritize simplicity and elegance.

Comprising only three strokes, this character encapsulates the essence of grass with remarkable efficiency.

Each stroke is carefully placed within a square frame, giving the character a sense of balance and containment.

Stroke by Stroke:

  • The First Stroke: The uppermost stroke represents the central blade of grass. It extends diagonally from the top left corner to the bottom right corner of the character. This bold, slightly curved stroke forms the backbone of the grass depiction.
  • The Second Stroke: The second stroke is a shorter, gentle curve that connects to the end of the first stroke, creating the appearance of a second blade of grass. This stroke is often seen as a supplementary element, adding depth and character to the representation.
  • The Third Stroke: The third and final stroke completes the trio of grass blades. It is similar in shape to the first stroke but slightly shorter, mimicking the natural variations in the height of grass. This stroke extends from the middle left to the bottom right of the character.

Simplicity and Essence:

The beauty of the kanji for grass lies in its minimalism. The strokes are not overly ornate or complex; rather, they capture the essential characteristics of grass in a distilled form. 

The choice to depict grass with just three strokes is a testament to the Japanese aesthetic principle of "less is more." 

This principle is also evident in various other aspects of Japanese art, architecture, and design, where simplicity is often considered the ultimate sophistication.

Cultural Significance:

The visually minimalistic portrayal of grass in this kanji aligns with broader cultural themes in Japan. It reflects the Japanese appreciation for subtlety and the ability to convey profound meanings through simplicity. 

This cultural trait is also evident in traditional Japanese gardens, where carefully arranged elements suggest landscapes in their most essential forms.

Artistry in Calligraphy:

The process of writing the kanji 草 itself is an art form. Japanese calligraphy, known as "shodo," involves using brush and ink to create characters with varying line widths and fluidity. 

The strokes of 草 can be executed with differing levels of boldness and finesse, allowing calligraphers to infuse their personal style and interpretation into the character.

Language and Expressions 

The kanji 草 has also found its way into modern Japanese communication, particularly in the digital age. The term "草生える" (kusa haeru), literally translating to "grass grows," is a popular internet slang phrase used to express laughter. 

It's often used in response to humorous or absurd content, similar to the English acronym "LOL" (laugh out loud).

This linguistic evolution shows how a traditional symbol can take on new meanings and forms in contemporary contexts.

Sentence Examples For 草

  • 春になると、庭に新しい草が芽吹くのが楽しみです。
    (Haru ni naru to, niwa ni atarashii kusa ga mebuku no ga tanoshimi desu.)
    Translation: I look forward to the new grass sprouting in the garden when spring arrives.
  • その古い寺の周りには、青々とした草が広がっています。
    (Sono furui tera no mawari ni wa, aoi aoi to shita kusa ga hirogatteimasu.)
    Translation: Lush green grass spreads around the old temple.
  • この公園では、子供たちが草の上で遊んでいます。
    (Kono kouen de wa, kodomo-tachi ga kusa no ue de asondeimasu.)
    Translation: Children are playing on the grass in this park.
  • 草原には野生の動物たちがのんびりと暮らしています。
    (Sougen ni wa yasei no doubutsu-tachi ga nonbiri to kurashiteimasu.)
    Translation: Wild animals leisurely live on the grassy plains.
  • 雨の後、庭の草は鮮やかな緑色に輝いていました。
    (Ame no ato, niwa no kusa wa azayaka na midoriiro ni kagayaiteimasu.)
    Translation: After the rain, the grass in the garden was shining in vivid green.
  • この地域では、草を利用して伝統的な手工芸品を作る技術が受け継がれています。
    (Kono chiiki de wa, kusa o riyō shite dentōteki na shukōgeihin o tsukuru gijutsu ga uketsugareteimasu.)
    Translation: In this region, the technique of creating traditional handicrafts using grass is passed down.
  • 美しい草むらが風に揺れる様子は、自然の調和を感じさせます。
    (Utsukushii kusa mura ga kaze ni yureru yousu wa, shizen no chōwa o kanji sasemasu.)
    Translation: The sight of beautiful grass swaying in the wind evokes a sense of natural harmony.
  • この山地では、高地特有の種類の草が見られます。
    (Kono sanguchi de wa, kōchi tokuyū no shurui no kusa ga miraremasu.)
    Translation: In this mountainous area, you can find grass species unique to high altitudes.
  • 草むらに小さな花が咲いていて、その色彩が美しいです。
    (Kusamura ni chiisana hana ga saiteite, sono shikisai ga utsukushii desu.)
    Translation: Small flowers are blooming in the grass, and their colors are beautiful.
  • この公園では、人々が草の上でピクニックを楽しんでいます。
    (Kono kouen de wa, hitobito ga kusa no ue de pikunikku o tanoshindeimasu.)
    Translation: People are enjoying picnics on the grass in this park.


The Japanese kanji 草, representing grass, is far more than a simple character denoting a plant.

It encapsulates Japan's deep reverence for nature, its artistic sensibilities, and its philosophical ponderings on life's impermanence.

The simple strokes of this character tell a story of seasonal transitions, aesthetic appreciation, and cultural symbolism.

As Japan continues to evolve, the kanji for grass remains a poignant reminder of the intrinsic connection between the Japanese people and the natural world.

Also Read

More articles