japanese kanji for moon

What Is Japanese Kanji For Moon? | How To Say Moon In Japanese?

Jun 05, 2024Shopify API

The Japanese kanji for moon is 月. Read on to find out it’s components, origin, symbolism, and sentence examples of 月. Check it out!

In the fascinating world of Japanese writing, the kanji characters possess a profound significance and symbolism. One such kanji that holds particular allure is the character for "moon" (月). 

The moon has played a vital role in Japanese culture, art, and poetry, inspiring a plethora of metaphors and allegories throughout history. 

This article delves into the history, meaning, and cultural significance of the Japanese kanji for moon, shedding light on its timeless beauty and lasting influence.

Japanese Kanji For Moon

Japanese Kanji For Moon Is 月

The kanji for moon, written as "月," originates from ancient Chinese script, which is part of the logographic writing system adopted by Japan over a millennium ago. 

The character "月" closely resembles the waxing crescent moon's shape, reflecting the influence of ancient Chinese astronomers who observed and recorded celestial phenomena with keen precision.

The development of the kanji for moon, written as "月," can be traced back to ancient China, where the roots of the writing system lie. 

The ancient Chinese script consisted of logographic characters, where each character represented a word or an idea.

Observing natural phenomena and celestial bodies, Chinese scholars and astronomers developed characters to record and communicate their findings.

The character for moon evolved from pictographic representations. In its earliest forms, the character looked more like a simple crescent shape, resembling the waxing or waning moon. 

How To Say 月 (Moon) In Japanese?

"月" in Japanese can be pronounced two ways, depending on the context:

  1. Gatsu (がつ): This is the most common way to say "month" and is used when referring to months in the calendar. For example, January is 一月 (いちがつ) or "ichi gatsu".
  2. Tsuki (つき): This pronunciation is used when referring to the celestial body, the moon. For example, "full moon" would be 満月 (まんげつ) or "man getsu".

Here are some additional details:

  • The pronunciation of "つき" (tsuki) has a devoiced "t" sound, similar to the "t" in the word "stop".
  • In both cases, the "u" is pronounced like the "oo" in "book".
  • There is a third reading, kagetsu (かげつ), which is more poetic and literary. However, it is not commonly used in everyday speech.

Meaning and Symbolism Of 月

Beyond its literal meaning as the celestial body that orbits Earth, the kanji for moon carries a plethora of symbolic interpretations in Japanese culture. 

Some of the most prominent symbolic associations are as follows:

  • Beauty and Elegance

The moon's serene, ethereal glow has long captivated human imagination and inspired a sense of awe and beauty. 

In Japanese art, literature, and poetry, the moon is often depicted as a symbol of elegance and grace. 

Moonlit landscapes, known as "tsukiyo-e," have been a popular theme in traditional Japanese paintings, where the soft glow of the moon adds a sense of tranquility and poetic atmosphere to the artwork.

Poets, too, have drawn inspiration from the moon's beauty to craft verses filled with emotional depth. 

The moon is a common motif in traditional Japanese poetry forms such as Haiku and Tanka, where its radiance often symbolizes an unattainable, distant beauty or evokes a feeling of wistfulness and longing.

  • Time and Cycles

The moon's cyclical phases have been intimately tied to the passage of time in Japanese culture. 

Traditionally, Japanese calendars were lunar-based, with the lunar month playing a significant role in marking important events and festivals. 

The new moon, representing the start of a new lunar cycle, was especially significant in determining auspicious dates for ceremonies and celebrations.

The moon's consistent waxing and waning have also been associated with the cycles of life and nature.

It symbolizes the rhythm of existence, reminding people of the impermanence of all things and the continuous cycle of birth, growth, decline, and renewal.

  • Yin and Yang

In the ancient Chinese philosophy of Yin and Yang, the moon is often associated with Yin, the feminine principle characterized by passivity, darkness, and tranquility. 

This concept is present in Japanese culture as well. The moon's calm and soothing radiance have inspired poets and artists to connect it with the Yin energy, complementing the Sun (日), which is associated with Yang and represents masculine, active, and bright qualities.

  • Transformation and Renewal

The moon's ever-changing appearance from new moon to full moon has been interpreted as a symbol of transformation and renewal. 

The cycle of the moon mirrors the cycles of life and nature, with birth, growth, culmination, and eventual decline. 

In Japanese culture, the moon's transformation has often been associated with personal growth, encouraging people to embrace change and find renewal in the midst of life's fluctuations.

  • Spirituality and Deities

In Shinto, the indigenous religion of Japan, the moon is considered sacred and is associated with various deities. 

For instance, Tsukuyomi-no-Mikoto is the Shinto god of the moon, responsible for creating light in the night sky. 

Lunar festivals, such as the Moon Viewing Festival (Tsukimi), pay homage to these deities and express gratitude for the moon's influence on the cycles of nature and agriculture.

Sentence Examples of 月

Here are ten sentence examples featuring the Japanese kanji for "moon" (月):

  • 今夜の満月は美しいですね。
    (Konya no mangetsu wa utsukushii desu ne.)
    "Tonight's full moon is beautiful, isn't it?"
  • 月が雲の間から顔を覗かせた。
    (Tsuki ga kumo no aida kara kao o nozokaseta.)
    "The moon peeked out from behind the clouds."
  • 彼女は月の明かりの下でロマンチックな歌を歌った。
    (Kanojo wa tsuki no akari no moto de romanchikku na uta o utatta.)
    "She sang a romantic song under the moonlight."
  • 満月の夜は幻想的な雰囲気があります。
    (Mangetsu no yoru wa gensō-teki na fun'iki ga arimasu.)
    "There is a fantastical atmosphere on the night of the full moon."
  • 星と月が夜空を照らしている。
    (Hoshi to tsuki ga yozora o terashite iru.)
    "The stars and the moon are illuminating the night sky."
  • 月の光は森を幻想的に照らしました。
    (Tsuki no hikari wa mori o gensō-teki ni terashimashita.) 

"The moonlight illuminated the forest with a fantastical glow."

  • 彼は月の下で愛を告白した。
    (Kare wa tsuki no moto de ai o kokuhaku shita.)
    "He confessed his love under the moon."
  • 寒い夜には、月が暖かな心地よさをもたらします。
    (Samui yoru ni wa, tsuki ga atatakana kokochi-yosa o motarashimasu.)
    "On cold nights, the moon brings a warm and comforting feeling."
  • 月の出を見るために山の頂上に登りました。
    (Tsuki no de o miru tame ni yama no chōjō ni noborimashita.)
    "We climbed to the top of the mountain to see the moonrise."
  • 子供たちは月に向かって手を振りました。
    (Kodomotachi wa tsuki ni mukatte te o furimashita.)
    "The children waved their hands towards the moon."

These sentences showcase the versatility and cultural significance of the Japanese kanji for "moon," as it appears in various contexts, from describing the moon's appearance in the night sky to its influence on emotions and romantic settings.


The Japanese kanji for moon, "月," transcends its simple appearance to represent a myriad of profound meanings and cultural associations. 

From its visual elegance to its deep symbolism, the moon has influenced Japanese culture, art, and language for centuries. 

By celebrating the moon through festivals, poetry, and visual arts, the Japanese people continue to pay homage to this celestial symbol and preserve its timeless beauty in the ever-evolving modern world.

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