japanese kanji for flower

What Is The Japanese Kanji For Flower? How To Say Flower In Japanese?

Jun 05, 2024Shopify API

The Japanese kanji for flower is 花. Read on to find out how to write, pronounce 花 below. 

The Japanese writing system is rich and diverse, featuring three main scripts: hiragana, katakana, and kanji. 

In this article, we delve into the history, significance, and artistic beauty of this elegant character.

Breaking Down The Japanese Kanji For Flower 花

The kanji 花 is visually captivating, showcasing a simple yet elegant composition. Broken down, it consists of three radical elements:

Radical Components of 花

The kanji 花 is made up of three radical elements, which are components often found in kanji characters that help indicate their meaning and category:

  1. 艹 (くさかんむり, "kusa kanmuri"): This radical is commonly referred to as "kusa kanmuri," which translates to "grass radical" or "vegetation radical." It is derived from the character 艸 (kusa), which means grass or plants. This radical is often used in kanji related to plants, flowers, and vegetation.
  2. 花 (はな, "hana"): The central component of the kanji 花 is the radical specific to this character. It is pronounced "hana" in Japanese, which directly corresponds to the word "flower." This radical represents a flower in full bloom, symbolizing beauty, vitality, and nature's fleeting essence.
  3. 又 (また, "mata"): The last radical element in 花 is derived from the kanji 又, which means "hand" or "again." In the kanji 花, this radical adds an expressive touch, suggesting the action of holding or touching a flower delicately with one's hand. This component complements the visual representation of the flower in the character.

How To Say Flower (花) In Japanese?

The Japanese word for "flower" is 花 (hana), pronounced "hah-nah" with a short "a" sound. Here's what you need to know:

  • Pronunciation:
    • The "h" is aspirated, meaning you should release a puff of air when pronouncing it.
    • The "a" is short and open, similar to the "a" in "cat".
    • The "n" is pronounced like the "n" in "no".
  • Usage:
    • You can use 花 (hana) on its own to simply mean "flower".
    • You can also combine it with other words to describe different types of flowers, such as 桜 (sakura) for "cherry blossom" or 薔薇 (bara) for "rose".

The Visual Composition of 花

The kanji 花 features a harmonious and elegant visual composition that reflects the grace of a blooming flower. 

The radical elements are structured in a way that conveys the essence of a flourishing blossom:

  • The 艹 radical (くさかんむり) is situated at the top, representing the foliage or leaves of the flower. It gives the character a sense of verticality and balance.
  • The 花 radical (はな) lies at the center, showcasing the main visual element of the character—the flower in full bloom. This radical defines the character's meaning and serves as the focal point of its artistic expression.
  • The 又 radical (また) appears at the bottom, resembling an outstretched hand. It complements the visual representation of the flower and emphasizes the act of interaction with nature, creating an overall sense of harmony.

Related: What Is Japanese Kanji For Love? 

Origin of the Flower Kanji 花

The origins of the kanji 花 can be traced back to ancient China, where it was first created to represent the concept of blossoms or flowers. 

Over time, the kanji 花 became deeply embedded in Japanese culture and language. It started to appear in various forms of artistic expression, literature, and religious contexts. 

  • Calligraphy and Artistic Expression

Japanese calligraphy (shodo) is an art form that involves writing kanji characters with brush and ink. The kanji 花 is a popular choice for calligraphy practice due to its elegant and graceful strokes. 

Skilled calligraphers imbue the character with their unique artistic touch, making each rendition a work of art that reflects the beauty of the flower it symbolizes.


The kanji 花 encapsulates not only the beauty of a flower but also the essence of Japanese culture.

From its historical origins to its cultural significance, this elegant character holds a special place in the hearts of the Japanese people.

Through its strokes, one can sense the fleeting yet profound nature of life, mirrored in the ephemeral beauty of flowers.

Whether adorning a calligraphy piece, enhancing an ikebana arrangement, or gracing the pages of poetry, the kanji 花 serves as a constant reminder of the magnificence of nature and the artistry of the Japanese language.

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